Facts about Børgefjell
Børgefjell National Park is located in Hattfjelldal and Grane municipalities in Nordland county, and Røyrvik and Namsskogan municipalities in Nord-Trøndelag county. The national park was created in 1963 and expanded in 1971 and 2003. The park is 1.447 km2.
The purpose of Børgefjell National Park is to preserve a large natural area almost free of technical intervention, with large wilderness areas to ensure biodiversity and a naturally occurring plant and animal life with ia endangered and vulnerable species. It also aims to preserve geological and cultural heritage.
Landscape and geology
Børgefjell National Park lies between 270 and 1.699 m a.s.l. There are lakes, rivers, fens, bogs, screes, moorland, hills and mountain summits. The highest peaks are in the west, where the bedrock is mainly dark granite. The highest mountain in the park, Kvigtinden, towering to 1.699 m a.s.l., is found in this western part.
Other parts of the national park are characterised by gentle slopes, low hills and broad valleys with lush hillsides, and these offer hospitable terrain for hikers. The bedrock here supports luxuriant vegetation and a rich plant and animal life. Bogs and fens feature prominently in this landscape.
The many lakes of varying sizes give Børgefjell its special character. In the northernmost part of the park, the rivers run towards Tiplingan and Susendal, while in the west they flow towards Fiplingdal and the Namsen. The well-known rivers, the Vefsna and Namsen, have their sources in the park.
The Børgefjell landscape is ideal for birds. The numerous watercourses, extensive willow thickets and sedge fens provide excellent living conditions with ample food. Wetland birds are particularly at home here. The birdlife is especially rich around Tiplingan and the lower stretches of the Simskardelva river.
The most common bird of prey in the national park is the rough-legged buzzard, but snowy owls, the majestic golden eagles and a variety of other birds of prey also breed here. The combination of good nesting sites and easy access to food means that they thrive well at Børgefjell.
The arctic fox is the outstanding feature of Børgefjell animal life. The wolverine is the most common large predator, but lynx and brown bears may roam through the park. The most common small predators are red foxes, weasels, pine martens and stoats.
You can meet elk in wooded areas, and sometimes even in the mountains. Hares are common, and squirrels can be found among the conifers. There are also various species of small rodents, including lemmings and mice.
Semi-domesticated reindeer graze the whole of the Børgefjell National Park. The western, eastern and southern parts are mainly used in summer, while the northern part is used all the year around. Reindeer from Sweden roam into the eastern part of the park.
Approximately 300 plant species are known to occur in the Børgefjell area. The tree line is between 500 and 600 m a.s.l. Most of the woodland is birch. Pine trees can be found scattered on dry ridges and on the mires in lower areas, while moorland vegetation dominates above the tree line. Here you can walk for hours in sedges and bilberry heath.
Numerous creatures live in the many willow thickets. Børgefjell has an abundance of fens and bogs, and bog asphodel, purple moorgrass and deergrass make them firm enough to walk on.
History and cultural heritage relichs
The sámi people have had the Børgefjell area more or less to themselves right uptil the beginning of the twentieth century. They have kept reindeer here for at least 500 years. Sámi cultural heritage relicts in the form of settlements and hunting sites can be found both inside the national park and in areas bordering it.
Norwegians first began to clear land for farming around the turn of the 18th and 19th centuries, and Norwegian settlement increased from then onwards. In 1932, the Norwegian Trekking Association (DNT) suggested that Børgefjell should be preserved as a wilderness area, without cabins or marked paths. This is one reason why it has not become a typical, widelyknown magnet for ramblers and mountaineers.